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How to teach

Level 2 Short Sounds and Blends

The lesson guide is aimed at providing both teachers and parents with the correct strategies and guidance to instruct the PhonicsMonster.com systemic phonics program in a classroom or a homeschooling environment. The scope of each level is to provide a balanced program incorporating modelledguided and independent learning throughout the level structure.

 

Each level is structured to:

– Establish what is already known

– Allow opportunities for students to demonstrate their ability

– Offer differentiation in the instruction (Multi-sensory activities)

– Make connections between what is already known

– Provide an adequate challenge

– Ensure students are engaged and motivated

– Allow time for personal development

 

How long should a lesson be?

School lesson 30-60mins once or twice per week (lessons are broken up into different activities)*

Home school 10-30 mins daily or every other day*

*Dependent on student/s age, ability and motivation.
review phonics

 20-30 minutes Review what has been previously taught. Use Audio, visual and kinesthetic material.

watch phonics

 10-20 minutes
With guidance the child learns the target phonics sounds and vocabulary.

practice phonics

 10-20 minutes
Elicit the students to practice the target phonics verbally and
visually.

reinforce phonics

 10-20 minutes Use the interactive site and printables for the student to go through the material.

Level 2 – Short Sounds & Blends introduces the learner/s to Consonant Vowel Consonant (CVC) words with common word families. The focus on common vowel word-groups helps younger learners ease into blending with similar words. Word groups are taught for each of the five short vowel sounds, and also different CVC words to ensure their understanding of blending and segmenting.

Once the learner is confident with CVC words level 2 introduces double letters (-ll, -ss, -zz etc), end blends (-nk, -ft, -lt etc) and start blends (fr-, sn-, cl- etc).

Phonics short vowels a e i o u

Step 1

Review!

Throughout level 2 students are encouraged to review with:

– Identifying the correct vowels from sounds, words and pictures.

– Practice the word families by replacing the first letter with a different consonant

– Recognizing rhyming words with word families

– Use the flashcards to reinforce vocabulary and sounds with games

– Practice segmenting with spelling

– Practice reading short stories, unit stories and focused material

Short vowels and blends wall chart phonics

Step 2

Watch!

From the digital book open the target animation and use it to model the letter names and sounds. Pause the video throughout to elicit the learner’s answers. Help the learner to understand the vocabulary words with short definitions, actions or sounds. Go through the end of video review of the vocabulary together, skip backwards and use the pause button to practice.

Step 3

Focus!

Practice blending the phonics focus, for example, a, t, -at. Practice with removing and replacing the first sound with different consonants to ensure the learner is able to blend the phonic focus. Practice this both verbally and written.

Phonics word group at

Step 4

Phonics at words

Words!

From either the printable material or online book goes through the targeted vocabulary words with the learner. Call out the vocabulary words and have the learners point the corresponding picture (or circle). If in classroom practice as a group first then practice individually. Call out the numbers to elicit student/s to say the vocabulary word. Play a “draw and guess” game, act out some of the words, and use flashcards to reinforce.

Step 5

Practice!

When using the book it can beneficial to model the first few answers for the learner before letting them go through a more guided experience. For this example, “A. Check the correct word then write.” Ask the learner/s to name the picture and go through each of the three choices. Ask which color monster is correct (green, blue or red). Check the correct monster and explain to sound out the letter sounds as the learner writes the answer (bat, bat).

short a word groups print color

Step 6

CVC words at

Blend & Segment

Each focus includes either a selection of five additional words to practice the lesson focus or a short story for the learner to read. Additional you can practice writing out the target focus, for example, at and practice writing a consonant in front fat, p-at etc. These can also be practised verbally. For more practice introduce a short spelling quiz with a variety of words from the book.

Step 7

Play!

Games are a great fun way to reinforce the lesson material. There is an online game available for every two book pages. The online games focus on getting the student/s to say out the vocabulary, so they only include the pictures. Each online game has numbers/colors/yes or no answers so the learners can practice easily. For kinesthetic learners use the flashcards and printable game activities to practice.

Step 8

Read!

Each unit includes a structured story based around the unit focus, for example, the short vowel a has the story “The Ham Trap!”.  We recommend practising the “New Words” first to introduce sight words and more difficult words. Watch the animation first then there are a variety of ways to practice the reading:

  • Practice with stopping the animation and reading page by page
  • Use the online PDF of the Student Book or Storybook
  • Print out the story in the Student Book or workbook

When reading with your learner/s let them take the lead but assist them when required.

 

Step 9

Print!

Level two includes a whole lot of material to assist the learner.

– Student Book
– Workbook
– Flashcards
– Wall friezes (different sizes)
– Story Book
– Quizzes
– Audio scripts
– Games
– Certificate of Completion

CVC flashcards

Step 10

CVC worksheet print

Reinforce!

Use the workbook to allow reinforcement with independent learning, monitor and give guidance if needed but let the learner be as self-reliant as much as possible. Allow the learner/s to develop their own “metacognition” and build their array of skills and awareness.

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